Throughout history, the press has accompanied the development of civilization; it is the oldest means of communication in the world. The history of printing goes back to the Tang Dynasty in China.
The invented printing technique consisted of printing the paper into a block of wood using a different sheet of wood/matrix.
This technique is developed by replacing the wooden sheet with a copper sheet. This printing technique was used to print banknotes. A first technological revolution took place with Gutenberg, the inventor of movable printing in the 15th century.
This was a real revolution for the press, because for the first time it made it possible to print texts more or less as we are used to today.
This is how the first printing works were created. No more handwritten books, but printed books. The dissemination of information was accessible to everyone, and at the same time we could experience the reading literacy of the lower classes. Gutenberg’s first experiment was to print the Bible and produce 180 copies.
With the invention of movable printing, civilization enters a new era; this invention allows knowledge to spread among the less educated.
This type of printing can be defined as the precursor of flat printing or as the most widespread offset printing. This brings us to modernity, from the industrialization of the 19th century to the computer age. Today, printing is associated with both technological and IT processes: Every time there are processes and improvements in these areas, printing technology experiences a small revolution. For the world of communication and human evolution, the press remains a fundamental invention. The press has accompanied the development of civilization.